How America’s public schools keep kids in poverty | Kandice Sumner

How America’s public schools keep kids in poverty | Kandice Sumner


I want to talk to you about my kids. Now, I know everyone thinks
that their kid is the most fantastic, the most beautiful kid that ever lived. But mine really are. (Laughter) I have 696 kids, and they are the most intelligent,
inventive, innovative, brilliant and powerful kids
that you’ll ever meet. Any student I’ve had the honor of teaching
in my classroom is my kid. However, because their “real”
parents aren’t rich and, I argue, because they
are mostly of color, they will seldom get to see in themselves the awesomeness that I see in them. Because what I see in them is myself — or what would have been myself. I am the daughter of two hardworking, college-educated, African-American parents who chose careers as public servants: my father, a minister;
my mother, an educator. Wealth was never the primary
ambition in our house. Because of this lack of wealth, we lived in a neighborhood
that lacked wealth, and henceforth a school system
that lacked wealth. Luckily, however, we struck
the educational jackpot in a voluntary desegregation program that buses inner-city kids —
black and brown — out to suburban schools — rich and white. At five years old, I had to take
an hour-long bus ride to a faraway place to get a better education. At five years old, I thought
everyone had a life just like mine. I thought everyone went to school and were the only ones
using the brown crayons to color in their family portraits, while everyone else was using
the peach-colored ones. At five years old, I thought
everyone was just like me. But as I got older, I started
noticing things, like: How come my neighborhood friend
don’t have to wake up at five o’clock in the morning, and go to a school that’s an hour away? How come I’m learning to play the violin while my neighborhood friends
don’t even have a music class? Why were my neighborhood friends
learning and reading material that I had done two to three years prior? See, as I got older, I started to have
this unlawful feeling in my belly, like I was doing something
that I wasn’t supposed to be doing; taking something that wasn’t mine; receiving a gift, but with someone else’s name on it. All these amazing things
that I was being exposed to and experiencing, I felt I wasn’t really supposed to have. I wasn’t supposed to have a library,
fully equipped athletic facilities, or safe fields to play in. I wasn’t supposed to have
theatre departments with seasonal plays and concerts — digital, visual, performing arts. I wasn’t supposed to have
fully resourced biology or chemistry labs, school buses that brought me door-to-door, freshly prepared school lunches or even air conditioning. These are things my kids don’t get. You see, as I got older, while I was grateful
for this amazing opportunity that I was being given, there was this ever-present pang of: But what about everyone else? There are thousands
of other kids just like me, who deserve this, too. Why doesn’t everyone get this? Why is a high-quality education
only exclusive to the rich? It was like I had some sort
of survivor’s remorse. All of my neighborhood friends
were experiencing an educational train wreck that I was saved from through a bus ride. I was like an educational Moses screaming, “Let my people go … to high-quality schools!” (Laughter) I’d seen firsthand how the other half
was being treated and educated. I’d seen the educational promised land, and I could not for the life of me
justify the disparity. I now teach in the very same school system
from which I sought refuge. I know firsthand the tools
that were given to me as a student, and now as a teacher, I don’t have
access to those same tools to give my students. There have been countless nights
when I’ve cried in frustration, anger and sorrow, because I can’t teach my kids
the way that I was taught, because I don’t have access
to the same resources or tools that were used to teach me. My kids deserve so much better. We sit and we keep banging
our heads against this term: “Achievement gap, achievement gap!” Is it really that hard to understand why these kids perform well
and these kids don’t? I mean, really. I think we’ve got it all wrong. I think we, as Gloria Ladson-Billings says, should flip our paradigm and our language
and call it what it really is. It’s not an achievement gap; it’s an education debt, for all of the foregone schooling
resources that were never invested in the education of the black
and brown child over time. A little-known secret in American history is that the only American institution
created specifically for people of color is the American slave trade — and some would argue the prison system, but that’s another topic
for another TED Talk. (Laughter) The public school system of this country
was built, bought and paid for using commerce generated
from the slave trade and slave labor. While African-Americans were enslaved
and prohibited from schooling, their labor established
the very institution from which they were excluded. Ever since then, every court case,
educational policy, reform, has been an attempt
to retrofit the design, rather than just stopping
and acknowledging: we’ve had it all wrong from the beginning. An oversimplification
of American educational history. All right, just bear with me. Blacks were kept out — you know,
the whole slavery thing. With the help
of philanthropic white people, they built their own schools. Separate but equal was OK. But while we all know
things were indeed separate, they were in no ways equal. Enter Brown v. the Board of Education
of Topeka, Kansas in 1954; legal separation of the races
is now illegal. But very few people pay attention
to all of the court cases since then, that have undone the educational
promised land for every child that Brown v. Board intended. Some argue that today our schools
are now more segregated than they ever were before we tried
to desegregate them in the first place. Teaching my kids about desegregation,
the Little Rock Nine, the Civil Rights Movement, is a real awkward moment in my classroom, when I have to hear
the voice of a child ask, “If schools were desegregated in 1954, how come there are no white kids here?” (Laughter) These kids aren’t dumb. They know exactly what’s happening, and what’s not. They know that when it comes to schooling, black lives don’t matter and they never have. For years, I tried desperately
to cultivate in my kids a love of reading. I’d amassed a modest classroom library of books I’d accumulated
from secondhand shops, thrift stores, attics — you know. But whenever I said those dreadful words, “Take out a book and read,” you’d think I’d just declared war. It was torture. One day, after I’d heard about this website
called DonorsChoose, where classroom teachers create wish lists of items they need for their classroom and anonymous donors fulfill them, I figured I’d go out on a limb
and just make a wish list of the teenager’s dream library. Over 200 brand-new books
were sent to my room piece by piece. Every day there were new deliveries
and my kids would exclaim with glee, “This feels like Christmas!” (Laughter) Then they’d say, “Ms. Sumner, where did
these books come from?” And then I’d reply, “Strangers from all over the country
wanted you to have these.” And then they’d say, almost suspiciously, “But they’re brand-new.” (Laughter) To which I’d reply, “You deserve brand-new books.” The whole experience hit home
for me when one of my girls, as she peeled open a crisp paperback said, “Ms. Sumner — you know,
I figured you bought these books, ’cause you teachers
are always buying us stuff. But to know that a stranger,
someone I don’t even know, cares this much about me is pretty cool.” Knowing that strangers
will take care of you is a privilege my kids aren’t afforded. Ever since the donation, there has been a steady stream of kids
signing out books to take home, and then returning them
with the exclamation, “This one was good!” (Laughter) Now when I say,
“Take out a book and read,” kids rush to my library. It wasn’t that they didn’t want to read, but instead, they’d gladly read
if the resources were there. Institutionally speaking, our public school system has never
done right by the black and brown child. We keep focusing on the end results or test results, and getting frustrated. We get to a catastrophe and we wonder, “How did it get so bad?
How did we get here?” Really? If you neglect a child long enough, you no longer have
the right to be surprised when things don’t turn out well. Stop being perplexed or confused or befuddled by the achievement gap, the income gap, the incarceration rates, or whatever socioeconomic disparity
is the new “it” term for the moment. The problems we have as a country are the problems we created as a country. The quality of your education
is directly proportionate to your access to college, your access to jobs, your access to the future. Until we live in a world where every kid
can get a high-quality education no matter where they live, or the color of their skin, there are things we can do
on a macro level. School funding should not
be decided by property taxes or some funky economic equation where rich kids continue
to benefit from state aid, while poor kids are continuously
having food and resources taken from their mouths. Governors, senators, mayors,
city council members — if we’re going to call
public education public education, then it should be just that. Otherwise, we should
call it what it really is: poverty insurance. “Public education: keeping poor kids poor since 1954.” (Laughter) If we really, as a country, believe
that education is the “great equalizer,” then it should be just that:
equal and equitable. Until then, there’s no democracy
in our democratic education. On a mezzo level: historically speaking, the education
of the black and brown child has always depended
on the philanthropy of others. And unfortunately, today it still does. If your son or daughter or niece
or nephew or neighbor or little Timmy down the street goes to an affluent school, challenge your school committee
to adopt an impoverished school or an impoverished classroom. Close the divide by engaging
in communication and relationships that matter. When resources are shared, they’re not divided; they’re multiplied. And on a micro level: if you’re a human being, donate. Time, money, resources, opportunities — whatever is in your heart. There are websites like DonorsChoose that recognize the disparity and actually want
to do something about it. What is a carpenter with no tools? What is an actress with no stage? What is a scientist with no laboratory? What is a doctor with no equipment? I’ll tell you: they’re my kids. Shouldn’t they be your kids, too? Thank you. (Applause)

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100 Replies to “How America’s public schools keep kids in poverty | Kandice Sumner”

  1. All schools should be funded equally. This might be possible if the US gov. Didn't spend over 600 billion on military a year that we don't need. It's not a child's fault they are born in a poor community or with bad parents who don't really care about them or their education so saying that it's the students fault is not an option how would you act if all you had in your life is bad roll models if any to look up to.

  2. Please people keep ALL ignorant comments to yourself and listen or get the heck off this comment feed. I'm sick of this ish!

  3. What about holding different standards for kids based on a race…. For example: a black kid needs only 70% to pass to the next grade but a white kid needs 80% (THIS IS AN EXAMPLE). Blame the feds…

  4. I live in blue state one might school is better for poor studets.the truth is poor students are left behind evrywhere .Tereble teachers are one of the main reason.

  5. Excellent talk. Congratulations Kandice. I wasn't a Metco student but understand the value that Metco brings to those in the inner city of Boston. Intellectual talent is not localized to any one community or gender. The lack of opportunities is however a huge problem. I grew up with your parents and I am sure they are proud of the educator you have become. Wish you continued success in helping students fulfill their potential.

  6. Property tax's are not the problem. What's the problem is that wealthier people can segregate themselves from the general population and set up essentially a private educational set up. If schools were funded by sales maybe the wealthy would be the only ones in the shopping mall district. What would make sense would be taxes collected over a wide area and the local areas getting the revenue on a per-capita basis. Like maybe a state collected property tax and the local governments getting revenue from the state government based on the the number on residence in each jurisdiction. It would make a mobile home more valuable than a mansion to each local government.

  7. I don't think school choice is the whole cure. In the seventies my mother was the admistrator in a alternative school in Camarillo, California. What this school had was a streering committee composed of representive from the school district and parents. The parents had the controlling votes as to hiring, firing, and curriculum. My Mother's school was a structured school and another in the district was a liberal school. Both schools did very well on the CA school evaluation testing. Though my mother's school had a higher percentage of Educationally Handicapped students. With the EH students they were identified early (kindergarten) and given appropriate tutoring to keep them from falling behind. In this way these students could be taught in regular classes and not hold back other students in the class rooms. The school tested second in Southern California. The point being that the choices, I think, need to be public schools where parents have a part in running the schools. Privatization results in schools where they're trying to make a profit which becomes the main goal instead of teaching.

  8. Public schools are outdated. Online learning with personal tutors is the way to go. If the state wants to be involved, they can give every child a learning tablet and provide non unionized tutors whose worth is based on a satisfaction ranking from parents.

  9. She full of it and a racist. Truth is public school. Not teaching elimentry kids to read .parents need teach todelers to read . jump start reading rabit can ply on line and buy. Similare learning games. Fun for them and they proud of them self acomplishing. To learn to read . while in school opiset . Eventualy almost end of highschool or later they after keep strugeling to read. May be slow at it but can funtionaly read . if parent helped when they needed it preschool age . not need fancy scool moor money for rotten teachers that arnt doing teaching but indoctrination of there minds when they young and not infront of parents . but behind parents backs pollatics and solsalist liberal crap.

  10. Get rid of the teachers union. Implement school choice.
    Until then, I will keep busting my behind, working overtime, to keep my two kids in private school.

  11. I don't think its so much of a racial thing. Its more technical than that.
    This seems like a guilt trip for white people, to me, respectfully.

  12. Darn, I thought this was going to be about how Government schools force kids to work for free for 13 years to get a meaningless diploma that cost the taxpayer 100 thousand per kid to get, but no, it's just another person who shoudn't have had kids whining about not being able to take care of the kids they shouldn't have had.

  13. Lazy absent parents keep inner city kids in poverty. Dope dealing mom's and run away dad's keep inner city kids in poverty. Relying on more and more and more welfare keeps inner city kids in poverty. Throwing billions of dollars into a failed socialist public school system keep kids in poverty and unqualified union teachers with a constant flow of undeserved cash. Removing prayer from public schools put kids into constant poverty and brought mass killings and godlessness to fill the vacumn. Your nuts and anyone who believes continuing to throw money down a rat hole and expect better results is insane. And anyone who doesn't take responsibility for raising their kids in a loving peaceful home but continues to blame the system or others isn't worth a jar of piss.

  14. Black people, don't worry about whites who dont understand our experience and in "some" cases don't really care about our issues, we have to have this conversation amongst our own people. We know all to well that this is very accurate and the amount of negative comments under this video should not discourage us from speaking on our issues at all, because these are our issues and those on the outside either dont understand or have the privilege of not caring. Love.

  15. I teach and the children don't care. I no longer feel pity or guilt because they are low…their parents Just don't care!

  16. my 6th grade school showed films of mt rushmore in the auditorium that were telling us that MT RUSHMORE WAS CREATED BY THE WINDS AND STORMS AFTER MILLIONS OF YEARS

  17. Blame Democrats! They have been in the control of the inner cities and they have stolen and pushed out any jobs, education, etc. stop voting Democrat!

  18. School causes poverty? school deals poverty? How you can link these two things together? what a stupid topic.

  19. The number one problem in public schools today, centers on unruly, disrespectful, violent and abusive students. I taught in the inner city for over 10-years. Every day, there were fights, and blatant disrespect from too many students. The number one problem with my underperforming kids was they were not read to by parents when they were children.

  20. So much more to the issue not being discussed. I hate how in many cases, when race becomes a factor in an issue, no further research or dissection is done to find any other factors. This is totally a problem but to say that it’s still a product of (current) racism is not only wrong, but radically hindering the chance to find real solutions/:

  21. What about the factor that she grew up in a home with a mother AND a father? That would seem to me to be a much more relevant to a child's success than a school.

  22. Kandice wont address why black boys are academically behind black girls. She is a feminist and wont show any concern for black boys who are on a track to prison. "Black girls rock", is her mantra.

  23. Why is most of the Black and Latino are poor doing so poor in Schools with a learning disability and no one care about their children education at home ?? Blacks, Latinos Always Demanding special treatment in education , opportunities and with free handouts like Welfare and Public Housing .. African-American has nothing to do with your stupid Lowlife mixed blood Black-American . Remember All American Black live dont matters at home , just enjoying free handouts, and your Drug Neighborhood continue non stop to destroy your own life with excuse slavery.

  24. So, basically I just cried this whole tedtalk. Thank you for validating our experiences and for fighting for the disadvantaged child.

  25. Baltimore school has one of the best funding in Maryland but it's one of the worst school. Not every school is based on funding

  26. African American? I have met about fourty African Americans. Born and raised in Africa, came to America and became citizens of the U.S.A., and they were all white.

  27. Best piece of advice, get your kids in the best school possible. Education is key to economic growth and choice.

  28. Unless you're born into wealthy, opportunity is very slight. The city I was education, live and work in, white brown, black, it's more of wealthy or not wealthy..

  29. It's not the schools which keep kids in poverty….it's their own parents, and their horrible decisions.

  30. My heart throbs because I am fortunately taught in a wealthy school with a very low ratio of coloured kids and hearing this and learning what other kids my age have to go threw every single day for 20 or so years of their life and yet still not get anything good from it because of the stupid decisions we as a people have made in the past completely chatters my heart. This video is something to be shared and listened to if we want anything better for our kids and the generations of kids to come.☺️

  31. This made me cry. I grew up in a poor neighborhood in north east LOs Angeles. Let me rephrase that; a poor and DANGEROUS neighborhood. I’m starting to uncover truths about my educational experience discrimination. And it makes me blood boil. My sister was held back a year because she was bilingual she performed at a level all her classmates did but was discriminated against because mostly spoke Spanish, but on paper she excelled. As for me, my teachers insisted to put me into special education courses because I didn’t talk but again, like my sister I excelled on tests they gave me to test my competency. I understood them but didn’t talk (Thats for another conversation as to why I didn’t talk). My mom had to fight the school for me to continue a “normal”education. I have a younger sister now and she’s in the second grade I want to invest more money into her education and for her to become well rounded. But obviously I am a broke college student who is taking more units than what is considered full time 😕.

  32. It's funny how people claim it's about funding for inner-city schools, though don't they receive the most per student? Like the one in Jersey Zuckerberg himself gave $100M to because it was circling the drain at the bottom of districts in the nation, despite being the most expensive at over $26K per student… and the money evaporated, only bringing the district up two places. Perhaps it's not the funding which needs to change, but the voting habits.

  33. If parents don’t value education, the school sure isn’t. It’s not ultimately up to a teacher. Value education and learning and the rest will take care of itself.

    Act like feral animals – while in school – and it’s hard to even begin to retain information. Act like civil humans and you might learn something.

  34. Well, that’s how the world we live in. Our matters of survival depends on quality education and ability to get a wee bit of wealth. Denying and demanding for someone else’s generational wealth is an excuse, not an argument that provides solution.

  35. That she received free stuff from strangers tells us that society can sustain public schools without the the government's interference. Give people their tax money back, they are gonna make wise decisions, definitely much wiser than the government

  36. I don't know the whole story, Mom didn't say… if she even knew the reasons. A little town in Minnesota we lived in when I was 4, the valedictorian of the high school couldn't read, write or tell time. We lived there 9 months, our only visitors the Avon lady and the postman. When my dad got a better job in another state we left that town so fast it was like our feet were on fire.

  37. People can say something negative in a innocent way that you don't realize you need to be protesting and calling politicians. Growing up you always hear that a C at a white school is like a A at a black school because white schools are harder. But if the white school is harder that means you're getting less education at the black school

  38. A bit off topic but Heaven represents running away, leaving all these problems behind & Reincarnation is about jumping right back into these same problems, as this lady has done
    I am sure she could have run away, got a job at a better paying school but she chose to stay & fight
    Heaven is for the old, the coward – it is a Retirement Home
    Reincarnation is for the Young, the Warrior, the Dreamer
    Read "Heaven Vs Reincarnation" by Dharma

  39. Maybe you should teach them math and science so they can get jobs and not send their children to bad schools instead of telling them that society owes them something and hates them. Make the tough decision, let go of your resentment and teach. All you said was give us stuff because we’re black.

  40. Im a white female. I grew up in the inner city in Cleveland OH. When I was in elementary school the schools were good, teachers were good, everyone got a fair shot. Everything changed in Jr. High and High school. The inner city schools for 6-12 are horrible. The teachers have limited resources and most parents are stressed. However, many black and white kids in my schools made it. They put in hard work and effort. They all didnt go to college right away, many joined the military. That was their option, and they took it. Now many of those friends are successful and college educated, have moved out of poverty and have families that are thriving. I couldn't afford college past community college but I am now a business owner. College is a joke. Stop teaching kids they have to go to college to succeed because that is just plain false…white, black or otherwise. Kids do need support above all else. From teachers and communities. To be filled with knowing that no matter what they can succeed but they have to put in the work.

  41. Whaaa whaaa whaaa. Kid's are only propagandized to today. We're better off keeping them out of school, and educating them ourselves.

  42. If the rich white suburbans schools were getting a quality education, how come the black parents didn't speak out against the lack of quality education in these poor black urban schools? How come the NAACP never spoke out against this segregated practice; considering the fact that the NAACP wanted desegregation based on the Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas?

  43. public school fails because kids today in inner cities are fucking animals for the most part……. we wouldn't be a country today if public school always failed.

  44. Actually the reason why…is because you are telling the students that they are awesome as oppose to 'you can do better'. Thus, everyone gets a start doing half-baked work.

  45. Truly an amazing woman! She spoke nothing but straight facts up there 🔥Segregation and racism is still alive and well in the foundation of America. They’ve just found loopholes now. We need to do something, we need to invest so much more into all of our children, not just the white kids from suburban neighborhoods! When are people going to WAKE UP.

  46. If you have no role models your vision is hampered. Most children follow in their parents footsteps.Its called a generational curse if the footsteps lead to a bad ending. .The movie with Eddie Murphy, Trading Places is a great example of how culture and surroundings can effect ones outcome.Schooling is just one part of it, and public schooling is very little help.

  47. As long as the government sends the most money to the worst schools, those schools have all the motivation in the world to stay the worst schools.

  48. Low income school districts can't be fixed with money. DC/NYC/NJ have proven this. DC students are funded quite well, and we don't see any improvement in poor districts. It's culture, not funding.

  49. Inequitable funding to school of blacks and brown is a problem, but doesn't mean it cant be overcome. There are a lot of cases where newly immigrants living in the same predicament as the natives are able to succeed out of the ghettos. A lot of time these new immigrants are far worst than the natives here. They don't speak the language, they could be suffering some emotional and physical trauma because they just escaped from their war torn country. They nevertheless escape the ghettos and go on to good college and get a good job. I think it's all about value here. If you have good values, you will strive and overcome any obstacle. If you value good education that can lead to good jobs and good life, you won't rolled over and accept your fate just because you have bad school. A lot of time people in bad situation just give up and blame it all on other people and won't do what it takes to get themselves out.

  50. Unfortunately, Europeans of today are very insensitive and uncaring of the problems that their forefathers have created. Who were the natives to this land we call America? Such hypocrisy.

  51. Do what Sweden does….school vouchers! That is it. Government schools are terrible. Like everything government does. Also parenting is a huge issue in this debate. Fact is education is less of a concern to the 75% of single black mothers. Then it is in Asian or european cultures. Everything said here is far to simplified and wrong. Black education was far better prior to public schools then it is now after 50 + yrs of public schools. Who runs this program who fights to maintain the status quo of absolute failure? Democrats. Who demands more money for a failed system rather then changing the system? Democrats. Shes a moron.

  52. I have a dream that one day little black kids can LEARN how to create the personal success they dream of & UNLEARN or let go of past history which frustrates that.
    We're gonna have to train the trainer's!

  53. Zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz —- it's been how many years since MLK's speech and we are still whining! Part of your problem is being so damn self centered and racist that you define poverty as a Dark Skin – White skin issue, rather than just some people are poor and some people are not, but most are in between and it really doesn't have much to do with skin color.

    Shut up! Asians come here poor too and they do fine even though they are not White.

  54. Attacking rural Americans… 😑 So this is The Concept? Everyone Not in the INNER city is Rich & White?😂 As a kid, I grew up in the Adirondack mountains where People 'fished for supper' on a Regular. – we NEVER had AC. Our Heat was a WOOD STOVE we Kids had to Split the Wood for!

  55. Who’s fault is it? Probably the same politicians these people vote for. Democrats. Stop blaming everything on whites and the rich. Lastly personal responsibility and good parenting makes a big difference.

  56. I think what rankles is the idea that the people who have worked hard to live in nice homes in nice neighborhoods with good schools are somehow responsible for those who have not worked equally as hard to achieve that for their families. This problem is not solved by taking from the "rich" and giving to the "poor." It's solved by building the poor neighborhoods with manufacturing facilities and adequate numbers of full time jobs with benefits and growth opportunities. It's solved by eliminating welfare, food stamps and medicare and teaching people how to be responsible for themselves. It's solved by having law enforcement that is tough on crime, providing a safe and welcoming environment for families. Restore the family, including two, hardworking parents, as the basic unit of society. When people are productive, earning the things they need and want, they have pride in themselves and their homes. With this, they will have pride in education and their schools and the new schools that are built will be well cared for instead of destroyed. Indeed, every child should be afforded the tools to be successful. However, it is up to each child's parents to provide those opportunities. My mother was raised during the Depression in the mountains of West Virginia. She attended a one room schoolhouse in hand sewn flour sack dresses and shoes that had been outgrown by two older sisters. In a time of misery and in an area of illiteracy, she was determined to learn. She ironed her little threadbare dresses and polished those little shoes every day. She hauled water from the well and heated it on the stove to bathe and wash her hair every day. Her family laughed at her and said she was "bein' uppity," but she studied hard despite the lack of books, paper or pencils and learned to speak properly. She may not have gone to college, but she held impressive secretarial positions. She taught me that your success is not determined by what you are offered, it is determined by what you seek.

  57. Was the profound effect of getting new paperbacks in this teacher's class the result of a fairer distribution of materials or was it the result of its IMPLICATION of being valued by the larger society? It's the latter. People will adapt to almost any level of material wealth. If someone gives you a new book, it means they think highly of you. Of course, we have to have a fair distribution of materials, but it's the thought behind it that really matters.

  58. Is it whitey's fault, or the lack of fathers in the homes of your students? The conversation needs to be had. You grew up in a two parent two income household.

  59. Thomas Sowell has been fighting since the 80s for the voucher system he details in in several youtube videos – the man is a genius. His system that would give the power to choose the education that they pay for with their tax dollars. Then the good schools will be popping up in poor neighborhoods. Also parents who don't feel like they have a choice put more time into researching the purchase of earbuds than they do the school their children attend. It's a lie people claim with their mouth that they don't believe but live believing that they have no choice in their children's schools. When parents feel empowered. When they have options, they get more involved with the schools and their kids education. When the schools are just a thing you have to do so "suck it up" the parents check out and their kids follow suit continuing the poverty cycle.

  60. All baloney. Try working on the overwhelming black dysfunction. If you can do that then you can drop this BS trying to excuse it.

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